Sewage System – Defined

Homes, cottages and businesses that are not on a municipal sewage system use their own septic system. This system consists of a tank and a leaching bed or tile bed. A septic system is privately owned and by law you are responsible for its safe operation, maintenance and repair. Simply, the way it works, is that wastewater from your dwelling enters a tank and natural bacteria breaks down what enters the tank so the heavy solids settle and lighter scum floats to the top of the tank. Since the entrance pipe and the exit pipe are near the top, the remaining liquid then flows out through perforated pipes or some form of infiltrator, which is your leaching or tile bed. Have a look at the basic diagrams of tanks on this page.

We know your septic system can often be the last thing you think about. Flush it and it’s gone. What many people don’t understand is that any septic system does require maintenance and it is best not to wait until you have a problem. Consistent pumping and inspection, as well as baffle maintenance (if needed) are your best bets to provide longevity to your drain field.


A septic system is like any other piece of equipment in your house. If you maintain the system properly, it should work well and have a long life. Without proper maintenance, it can cause property damage, pose a threat to public health or the environment, or affect a neighbor’s property. With septic field repairs and replacement often ranging between $10,000 to $15,000, the cost-effective septic tank pumping service we offer is one of the best investments you can make to protect your system.

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