Homes, cottages and businesses that are not on a municipal sewage system use their own septic system. This system consists of a tank and a leaching bed or tile bed. A septic system is privately owned and by law, you are responsible for its safe operation, maintenance and repair. Simply, the way it works is that wastewater from your dwelling enters a tank and natural bacteria breaks down what enters the tank so the heavy solids settle and lighter scum floats to the top of the tank. Since the entrance pipe and the exit pipe are near the top, the remaining liquid then flows out through perforated pipes or some form of the infiltrator, which is your leaching or tile bed. Have a look at the basic diagrams of tanks on this page.
We know your septic system can often be the last thing you think about. Flush it and it’s gone. What many people don’t understand is that any septic system does require maintenance and it is best not to wait until you have a problem. Consistent pumping and inspection, as well as baffle maintenance (if needed) are your best bets to provide longevity to your drain field.